Lure of Coffee

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Coffee is a beverage brewed from the roasted seeds of a number of species of an evergreen shrub belonging to the coffea genus. Coffea Arabica and coffea robusta are the two main sources of the coffee beans. Coffee plants are cultivated in more than 70 countries worldwide but primarily in Africa, Southeast Asia and Latin America. When ripe, the coffee-beans are first picked then processed and finally dried to yield the precious seeds inside. The coffee seeds are then removed and roasted to different degrees, depending on the desired flavors before being ground and well brewed to make the beverage enjoyed worldwide.

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The Finest Coffee From Kenya

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There are many species of coffee in the world, Kenya is one of the most sought after healthy coffees in the world producing Robusta but mainly the mild Arabica coffee.

The high quality coffee is grown on a rich volcanic soils found in the area and around the Kenyan highland, where the climate is cooler where the temperature range at around 20 degrees Celsius.

The ground where the Arabica coffee is grown is between 1350 to 2000 meters above the sea level.

 

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Health benefits of coffee

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Scientific studies have shown that coffee is very healthy. It contains antioxidants which are beneficial nutrients that can improve the body. There are studies suggesting drinking coffee can lower your risk of various diseases. Some of the evidence based health benefits of coffee include:

Improved energy levels

Coffee can improve energy levels as well as your intelligence levels. The reason for this is that it contained contains caffeine, a stimulant which is the most used substance in the world.After drinking coffee, caffeine is absorbed into the blood stream from where it travels into the brain. It is from the brain that caffeine blocks the inhibitory neurotransmitters known as Adenosine. After this, other neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine increase leading to an increased firing of neurons. There are many controlled trials in humans that have proven that coffee can improve the various function of the brain such as mood, memory, energy levels, vigilance, and reaction time as well as general cognitive function. Therefore, caffeine blocks the inhibitory transmitters in the brain, leading to a stimulant effect that in turn causes improved energy levels, moods and other aspects of the brain.

Coffee help to burn fat

One of the most common ingredients in the fat burning supplements is caffeine. The reason for this is that it is one of the few natural substances that have been proven to help in burning fat. There are various studies that suggest that caffeine can boost the rate of metabolism by between 3 and 11%. Other studies suggest that it can specifically increase loss of weight by up to 10% in persons who are obese and up to 29% in lean persons. However, these benefits decrease after the coffee has been roasted. Therefore, caffeine doesn’t only increase the burning of fat but also boost the rate of metabolism.

Caffeine improves performance

Caffeine is known to stimulate the nervous system, causing it to send signals to fat cells to cause a breakdown of fat. It also increases Adrenalin (Epinephrine) levels in the blood, which is the fight/flight hormone. This hormone enables the body to prepare for intense physical exertion. Caffeine can cause a breakdown of the body fat, releasing them into the blood as free fatty acids and availing them into the blood. This is the reason why it improves performance.


Coffee lowers the risk of diabetes

Diabetes is a big problem that currently affects over 300 million people worldwide. There is evidence to suggest that coffee drinkers can significantly reduce type 2 diabetes. Studies suggest that people who drink coffee have a 23% to 50% lower risk of diabetes.

Coffee can cure depression

Depression is a serious mental disorder that can significantly disrupt your quality of life. The condition is common in about 4.1% of persons in the US. A study that was published by Harvard University in 2011, showed that women who drank between 4 or more cups per day had a lower risk of depression.

Coffee can prevent two types of diabetes

Coffee can protect against liver cancer as well as colorectal cancer. Liver cancer has been noted to be the 3rd leading cause of death in the United States. In one of the study involving 489,706 people, it was noted that people who drank between 4 and 5 cups of coffee in a day had a 1 percent lower risk of colorectal cancer.

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Effects of coffee on health

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Coffee being a brewed beverage that is prepared from roasted berries has some effects to human health.

CAmong the most common effects of taking coffee include energy boosting especially in the morning. Coffee contains caffeine; a stimulant that helps to keep the mind awake and alert. Moreover research shows that caffeine being the main chemical component in coffee, blocks adenosine which causes drowsiness. By doing this one’s concentration is greatly improved as well as the reaction speed.Withdrawal from taking coffee may pose some serious challenges especially to regular coffee drinkers as the brain cells lacks the temporary stimulation and results to neural sluggishness and poor response.

CAnother effect of coffee on health is preventing cognitive decline in elderly women. Regular coffee drinkers show remarkable results in memory tests with minimal risks of memory impairment at a later age. The inhibiting effect of adenosine by caffeine in coffee has been seen to protect against depression and Parkinson’s disease. Dopamine is a chemical that is found in caffeine and promotes a feeling of excitement when taken thereby reducing depression.

CExtensive research has been carried out over years to prove that taking unfiltered coffee leads to increase in cholesterol levels. This can be attributed to the presence of cafestol; a chemical that triggers increase in cholesterol levels. However cafestol can be extracted by pouring hot water on the grounded coffee or by boiling coffee in water during brewing process. After boiling, coffee is then filtered to eliminate cafestol traces.

CCoffee intake helps in eliminating gout symptoms. This is because coffee lowers accumulation of uric acid that causes gout in males which are painful inflammatory arthritis. In addition, caffeine induces endurance and thus reduces post-gym muscle strains and pains. In kip fit sessions, people who take coffee an hour before starting the exercises are less likely to suffer from gym-related pains.

CA major controversy has been raised over the years on the effect of coffee on cardiovascular health. Adenosine blockage due to caffeine intake results to constriction of blood vessels especially those towards the brain. This results to increased heartbeats, rise in the blood pressure and in some instances the blood vessels near the skin surface constrict allowing more blood to flow to the muscles. The increased heartbeats trigger extreme shivering and nausea when caffeine is taken when going to practice sporting activities.

CCoffee is prepared from brewing process and just like any other fermented beverage is an alkaloid. This has adverse effects on human health and should not be taken when going to sleep. They cause extended stay-awake hours and sleep disturbances since they also take a long time to be eliminated in the body system.

CIncreased consumption of coffee leads to mineral bone density. Caffeine triggers urination cycle as it is a diuretic stimulant. Most of the calcium is lost through frequent urination and in extreme cases long term effects can result rapid development of osteoporosis.

CThese are some of the most evident coffee effects towards human health with some being beneficial while others pose a risk to our health.

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Coffee: Country of Origin

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It is hard to determine the exact country of origin of coffee as it is surrounded by various rumors and no concrete evidence is to be found on the subject. If one had to trace the origin and discovery of coffee, it would go back to the Kaffa region in Ethiopia in the thirteenth century. However, through various sources it is found that preliminary cultivation of coffee had taken place in the Sufi monasteries in Yemen, Southern Arabia in the fifteenth century. One such place was Mocha in Yemen.From Mocha the knowledge of coffee plantation had been passed on to Egypt and the rest of Middle Eastern countries such as Persia and Turkey. At the beginning coffee drinking received negative response from Mecca, Ethiopia and Cairo and other orthodox regions. Coffee was mainly feared because of its unique properties which gave vitality and the simulating effect it had on the consumers. The first coffee house opened at Constantinople in the year 1554.

At the early sixteenth century there took place immense trade between the Venice merchants and the Muslims in North Africa, Egypt and the East. Varieties of African goods were transferred to Venice through shipments. One such good was coffee. The first European coffee house was opened at Venice in 1664. Unlike Europe coffee production started in Asia very rapidly at the foothills of Chikmagalur, India. It is reported that a minimal amount of coffee beans were directly transferred from Yemen and planted here in the year of 1670. Since then coffee production have been booming in this region of the world. In 1720 coffee seedlings were brought to Martinique in the Caribbean region. Soon large scale production began and coffee plantation spread to Haiti, Mexico and the other islands of the Caribbean. This led to the advent of coffee plantation to the Americans. Drinking coffee became common to laborers and slaves throughout the world. They would accumulate in groups at their nearby coffee houses and discuss politics, trade and business. This became a social gathering and a tradition of having conversations with their fellow laborers, traders and businessmen accompanied by a cup of coffee. Many dominant governments and rulers had tried to ban these coffee houses as they feared revolt and conspiracy taking place against the government in these social gatherings.

Ethiopia may be classified as the country of origin in coffee production but this is entirely not true. Coffee production have been taking place throughout the world and there are different varieties of the coffee beans which can be found across the world which provide their unique taste and fragrance, Let us have a look into the various special coffee beans and their country of origin.

-Brazil is the largest producers of coffee in the present time being responsible for about a third of all coffee production in the world. The country produces finer varieties of coffee which is exported all over the world. Bahia and Bourbon Santos are two such blends.

-Colombia, the South American country grows its coffee beans on the moist, temperate foot hills of Andes. Madellin, Supremo and Bogata are three of the finest beans which are grown here.

-Indonesia, is the world’s largest producers of robusta coffee beans. Robust is a different class of coffee beans much distinguished from the Arabicas. Few famous robusta beans grown in this region are Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi (Celebes). Vietnam is also famous for production of robusta beans but lack in the quality factor.

-Mexico, is the largest source of US coffee imports and rightly so. Altura, Liquidambar MS, Pluma Coixtepec are few of the finest beans one can find in the coffee production industry.

-Ethiopia is considered the founding state of coffee production. Few of their best beans are named Harrar, Sidamo and Yirgacheffe.

-India, is considered the birthplace of coffee production east of Arabia and few of the best beans are Mysore beans and Monsooned Malabar.

There are various other places which specializes on their unique beans throughout the world. Coffee production has become a huge industry and is very important for Trade and Commerce.

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Varieties of Coffee

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Introduction

Coffee is a brewed beverage that is made from roasted seeds or beans of a coffee plant. The history of coffee dates back to the thirteenth century with some myths that surrounds its first use. The original native of the coffee plant is thought to have originated from East Africa and was first cultivated by Arabs from the 14th century. Earliest credible evidence of coffee knowledge or drinking appears in the middle fifteenth century in a place called the Sufi monasteries of Yemen and by the sixteenth century, the coffee plant had already made its way to the rest of the Middle East, Turkey, Persia and also the northern Africa. Coffee then spread to Italy, Balkans, to Indonesia, to the rest of Europe and then to the Americas.

Today coffee is grown in many countries around the world inclusive of the subtropical regions of Africa and Asia as well as Central and South America. Once the berries of the coffee plant are harvested, the flesh is removed and discarded leaving the seed only. The beans have a grey green color before roasting them and are referred to as green coffee. Since they are very shelf and stable at this point, they are sold and shipped while green.


Varieties of Coffee Beans

Coffee beans vary in size, shape, color as well as flavor depending on the region and conditions in which they are grown. The range of different unique flavors and aromas between the regional varietals is worth experimenting to discover a bean that is perfect for your palate.

Most regional varieties fall under two main categories, Robusta and Arabica.

· Arabica: Arabica coffee is considered the superior among the two because of its delicate flavor and low level of acidity. It is grown at higher attitudes and can be more difficult and costly to grow. Such labor intensive, low yields plants produce a very high demand bean that sells at a higher price.

· Robusta: Robusta coffee on the other hand tends to have a more acidic and a harsh flavor than Arabica as well as higher levels of caffeine. Robusta can grow in low attitudes, hot climates with less moisture. Since it has fewer restrictions and a generally low flavor, it is mostly sold at a lower price than Arabica.


Coffee Roasts

Roasting is a heat process that turns coffee into the fragrant, dark browns beans that are familiar to most people. It helps brings out the aroma and flavor that is inside the green coffee beans since it involves numerous chemical changes when they are brought to very high temperatures. Although there are several levels of roasting, they can be grouped into three main categories below.

Light roasts: Light roasts provide the lightest and most delicate flavors. The high quality beans with very distinct flavors are often roasted light to allow the original flavor to remain prominent. These beans will mostly appear dry since they have not been heated to the point where oil is extracted. Light roasts include Half City, American, Cinnamon and New England Roasts.

Medium roasts: These will have a dry surface, a chocolate brown color and a full flavor. These beans are less acidic than the light roasted beans and have a slightly sweeter and toasty flavor which makes it the most popular roast within the major coffee market. Medium roast are also referred to as Breakfast, Full City or Regular Roast.

Dark roasts: Here coffee is roasted until the sugars begin to caramelize and the oils begin to rise to the surface of the bean. Their flavor is strong, smoky and at times spicy. These beans have a low acidity level and are often described as bitter. Dark roasts include Viennese, Espresso, French and Italian.

Blends: In order to achieve unique profiles of flavor, most of the roasters will create a custom blends of the beans with two or more roasting levels. The results are a depth of flavor that cannot be achieved with a single roast.


Effects of coffee on health

Coffee is known to contain caffeine which makes it to be most prized. The Caffeine content varies widely depending on the type of beans used as well as the method of brewing used. This content have been known to keep people alert for long hours of the night as one of its major effect on health of a person.

Conclusion

Having got all the information above about varieties of coffee and how it is made, now you are an expert on coffee and ready to brew.

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Most Expansive Varieties of Coffee Beans in the World

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Everyone loves to drink coffee and it is highly beneficial for health. Coffees are produced all over the world and vary in terms of taste and flavour. But there are some coffee beans that are highly expansive and only preferred by the rich people of the society.

Below is the List of some expansive Varieties of coffee beans found in the world:


1. Luwak Coffee (Indonesia) – $160/lb.

Luwak coffee is the most expansive coffee bean in the world and is found in the regions of Indonesia. Also known as Civet coffee and produced in ways not known to many. Luwak coffee is produced from the coffee beans that are consumed by Mongoose (an animal found in Indonesia). Firstly, the coffee beans need to pass through the digestive organs of Mongoose and only after than the production can start. Now you know why Luwak is so expansive. In USA, you will find coffee shops dedicated to civet coffee where crowd gathers to check such unusual flavour of coffee.

2. Hacienda La Esmeralda (Panama) – $104/lb.

Hacienda mainly grows in the regions of Boquete, Panama. People from all over the world loves hacienda for its unique taste. Mainly found under the old guava trees and exported to many countries due to its high demand in the overseas markets. If you want to taste hacienda, you need to have a filthy pocket as it costs around 104 dollars per pound making Hacienda one of the expansive coffees in the world.

3. St. Helena Coffee (St. Helena) – $79/lb.

St. Helena coffee mainly cultivated in the beautiful locale of St. Helena Island which is approximately 1.2 km from the African coast. Neapolitan Bonaparte at St. Helena Island planted the seeds of St. Helena coffee during his time. If you can afford to spend $79 per pound, than St. Helena will be yours.

4. El Injerto (Guatemala) -$50/lb.

The origin of El Injerto is Huehuetenango, a town in Guatemala. El Injerto own the Cup of Excellence prize in 2006. Like other coffees in the list, El Injerto too has high demands in international markets and due to such high demands, often struggles to meet that demand. Costs around $50 per pound and available all over the world.


5. Fazenda Santa Ines (Brazil) – $50/lb.

Fazenda is the product of Brazil’s Minas gerais and is one of the costliest coffees around. The best part of Fazenda is it is still produced in a traditional manner and no automated machine used for this purpose. There is a Brazilian legacy attached to it and this legacy is kept in mind during its production in the Fazenda Santa Ines farm. You can easily identify Fazenda because its unique taste which comprises sweet berries and caramels. Fazenda costs around $50 per pound.

6. Blue Mountain (Jamaica) – $49/lb.

As the name suggests, Blue Mountain is mainly grows in the regions of Jamaica’s Blue Mountains. Blue Mountain is known for its sourness and balmy flavor over the years and became one of the popular and most expansive coffees in the world. The major part of Blue Mountain is shipped to Japan (around 75 to 80 percent). Give Blue Mountain a try if can spend $50 per pound.

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Your Morning Cup from Around the Globe: How Coffee’s Country of Origin Affects Its Flavor

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If you’ve ever looked at a bag of fresh coffee, you’ve probably noticed a large portion of the bag’s cover is taken up by information about the coffee’s origins. In fact, if you visit a coffee shop, chances are the coffees are denoted not just by their brand and roast level, but also by their specific country of origin. You might ask: why does a coffee’s country of origin matter? Doesn’t coffee just have a “coffee” flavor, no matter the location? The answer: not quality coffee.Thinking coffee is its own taste is akin to thinking wine has a “wine” taste: it’s true, but there is much more subtlety to each beverage’s flavor than simply the beverage itself – and, in the case of coffee, the difference lies largely in its country of origin.

First, a quick crash course on the modern world’s coffee beans:
The genus Coffea has many species, but two specifically provide most of the coffee we consume today: robusto and arabica. Robusto is a hearty, very bitter, and more caffeinated strain of coffee. It’s what most grocery store pre-ground coffee is made of (think Maxwell House or Folgers). Arabica, on the other hand, has many varieties, slightly less caffeine content, and is full of sugars and lipids that make it much more flavorful than its robusto counterpart. Most coffee drinkers that grew up with Starbucks or Peet’s in their lives are now drinking coffea arabica, and it’s the strain we’ll focus on for this post.

A few micro-climate exceptions aside, there are three main growing regions for coffee beans: Latin America, Africa, and Indonesia. Each of these regions has some general flavors associated with its particular coffees due to elevation of the place where the coffee was grown, the washing process of the coffee cherry, the subspecies variety of coffee used, and other small nuances.

Latin American coffees tend to be nutty, chocolatey, and have hints of citrus fruit in their taste. These coffees are what most people think of when they say “coffee flavor.” They also have a wide range of balanced flavors. If you’re not sure what kind of coffee to drink, a Guatemalan or Costa Rican coffee is almost always a safe bet.

African coffees are some of the sweetest around due to their washing process. Most African wash stations use a natural process which leaves most of the sugars from the coffee cherry’s pulp around the bean while it dries. The process lets the coffee bean retain much of its natural sweetness all the way through the export, roasting, and brewing processes. If you have a sweet tooth, look for “natural wash” on these coffees, especially ones from Ethiopia.

Indonesian coffees have some of the more interesting flavors in the coffee world, ranging from earthy, savory notes to various spices. Coffees from Indonesia usually take on whatever smells are around the washing station, so don’t be surprised if you find a random Indonesian coffee that has hints of asphalt or jet fuel (here’s a tip: go for higher quality Indonesian coffees, as those stations are usually able to stay away from urban areas).

These flavors in regions aren’t hard-and-fast rules. Each region can have a myriad of other flavors besides the ones listed, so don’t be afraid to experiment with different countries, and even different farms from the same country. Grab a cup from your favorite country of origin, and enjoy!

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Origin of Coffee

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Coffee is one great hot beverage. We see everyone drink it and buy from popular coffee establishments. Before, coffee is drunk during the mornings. However, because of its natural ability to stimulate the mind and body, it is being drunk when deemed necessary. Nonetheless, how much do we really know about coffee?

Did you know that coffee was discovered by accident? The origin of coffee dates back to a thousand years ago in Arab territory. A farmer by was the first one to discover coffee beans. One day, he noticed that his goats were acting strangely. Something had kept them up all night.Soon, he realized that his goats were eating berries from an unknown bush.

Then and there, the farmer took the berries and leaves from the bush to a nearby abbot. The farmer had told the religious man about his discovery. From here, they decided to boil these in a stew. At first, the abbot believed that nothing good came from doing so since the stew had an unpleasant taste. Convinced that it was a failure, they threw the berries into the fire.

Unknown to them, there were beans found inside the berry. As these touched the fire, these burned and produced a strangely fragrant aroma. A realization soon hit the two men. Instead of using the berries or the leaves to create something, they used the beans to create beans. Thus, coffee was born. When the Arabs expanded their territory they brought coffee along with them introducing these to the rest of the world.

In the long run Coffee shops started to open under Constantinople because of the individuals’ appeal. The Ottoman culture started to have a wild interest for espresso so espresso was started to be vigorously exhausted. The individuals defied the charges and more espresso joints started to open. The impact of the drink started to spread far and wide. That even in Ottoman families wives were required to mix espresso or their spouses could separate them.

In the long run, far reaching development and exchange of espresso went into Arabia and Europe. Subsequently espresso was still under the Ottoman manage and being utilized to vanquish individuals who fell under their spell of the inebriating refreshment called espresso.

The point when the Pope Clement VII chose to attempt espresso, he discovered the overwhelming smell to be delightful and accepted that anything that great couldn’t in any way, shape or form be the work of the fallen angel. With that little espresso houses started to open and got broad in the port urban areas of Italy.

Espresso entered the New World by a French Naval officer who offered espresso to Dutch. Throughout World War II, espresso circulation got boundless and since the 1960s the United States is still the real purchaser of espresso and since the United States can’t develop the espresso, we are the biggest transported in of espresso.

From its humble origins, coffee has become a worldwide phenomenon. Today, it is the second most traded commodity in the world today, after petroleum. Apart from it being a kind of energizer, the drink was discovered to have numerous health benefits. Until today, more and more discoveries are being made about coffee. At the same time, the drinkers of coffee increase as we speak.

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